Strategies for bridging the research-practice ‘gap’ in sport and exercise psychology

Richard James Keegan, Stewart Cotterill, Toby Woolway, Renee Appaneal, Vana Hutter


This paper explores the continuing research-practice gap that exists within sport and exercise psychology. It explores the reasons why this gap exists, and, crucially, considers solutions to reduce the magnitude and impact of the gap between researchers and practitioners within the field. In this narrative review, we explore what the consequences might be for the future of the field of sport and exercise psychology if solutions are not developed that are advantageous to both arms of the profession. The paper concludes by exploring strategies for closing the research-practice gap, including a renewed emphasis on practical theories, and the development of theories of practice that are research-informed and practitioner-led.


Applied research; Evidence-based practice; Scholarship; Professional practice

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