Difference in Learning Basketball according to Gender and Teaching Methodology

Sergio González-Espinosa, David Mancha-Triguero, David García-Santos, Sebastián Feu, Sergio José Ibáñez


The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in basketball learning according to the teaching-learning methodology and the gender of the students. The sample consisted of 85 schoolchildren, 45.26% boys and 54.74% girls, divided into two groups of fifth and sixth Primary Education. An intervention program was applied to each group, to a group under a Tactical Game Approach methodology (n = 42) and to another under a Direct Instruction methodology (n = 41). Both intervention programs were designed and validated previously by a panel of experts. The Instrument for the Measurement of Learning and Performance in Basketball was used as an evaluation tool. Descriptive analyzes were carried out to characterize the sample and the t test of independent samples to compare gender according to the teaching methodology in the pretest and the posttest. The results show improvements in both genders in the students of the TGB program. The performance of the male and female students in the pretest did not differ according to the method. After carrying out the intervention programs, the male and female students of the TGB program differ significantly and with a large effect size of their counterparts in the DIB program. It stands out that in the feminine gender there are even more differences than between the programs of the masculine gender after having finished the program of intervention as for example yield of decision making (p ≤ .01), of efficiency and technical execution (p ≤ .05), and total performance indicator (p ≤ .05).


Teaching models; Basketball; School; Gender

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